Jump to Navigation

Ellis S. Krauss

Professor of Japanese Politics and Policy-making

ekrauss@ucsd.edu

Phone:
(858) 534-8175
Fax: (858) 534-3939

9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla, CA 92093-0519

Office: #1413

Education

Ph.D., Stanford University, 1973
M.A., Stanford University, 1965
B.A., Brooklyn College of CUNY, 1964

Programs and Centers

Japan Regional Concentration Program

Biography

CV

The Rise and Fall of Japan's LDP: Political Party Organizations as Historical Institutions
Click here for book reviews
and ordering information

Krauss is a leading expert on Japanese politics, and on U.S.-Japan relations. In 2010, Cornell University Press published his latest book, co-authored with Robert Pekkanen of the University of Washington, The Rise and Fall of Japan's LDP: Political Party Organizations as Institutions.

In 2004, Krauss published a co-edited book with T.J. Pempel, UC Berkeley, Beyond Bilateralism: U.S.-Japan Relations in the New Asia Pacific (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2004), which analyzes how recent trends in the Asia-Pacific over the past decade-and-a-half have reshaped the U.S.-Japan relationship. In 2000, he published a book titled Broadcasting Politics in Japan: NHK and Television News (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2000), about NHK, Japan's mammoth public broadcaster, and its relationship to and consequences for Japanese politics. It was subsequently translated into Japanese with a new introduction and published in 2006 as NHK vs. Seiji by Toyo Keizai Press, a noted Japanese publisher.

Krauss has written and edited many other books, and he has also published numerous articles in professional journals dealing with political science and Asian Studies. Recent publications include articles in the in the American Political Science Review, the American Journal of Political Science, Comparative Political Studies and the British Journal of Political Science. Krauss has also published articles on contemporary issues in policy journals such as Survival and Orbis.

Krauss, Matt Shugart of IR/PS, and Robert Pekkanen have recently received a half-million-dollar three-year grant from the National Science Foundation to study electoral reform and non-reform consequences on political parties’ candidate, party, parliamentary, and government appointment strategies in eight countries (Japan, New Zealand, Ukraine, Bolivia, U.K., Germany, Lithuania and Portugal).

Krauss, Shugart, and Pekkanen

In 2011, he was a visiting scholar at the University of Bologna, Italy and in 2008, 2003 and 2001, he was a Visiting Fellow at the Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation, University of Warwick, U.K. In 2011, Krauss received a National Library of Australia Fellowship to study post-war prime ministerial leadership in Japan in Canberra in 2012, and in 2008 a Japan Foundation Fellowship also to study the changing role of Japan’s prime minister. He also has given a presentation at the Japan Political Science Association annual meeting on the topic of the study of Japanese politics in the U.S. Krauss was named Distinguished Lecturer of the Association for Asian studies in 1992-1993.

He has received a Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars fellowship for research in residence and was twice a Fulbright Fellow in Japan. He has been a visiting scholar at several Japanese universities, including the University of Tokyo, Kyoto University, Keio University, and Gakushuin University. Krauss serves on the advisory boards of several journals and important committees of national organizations in the field of Asian studies. Krauss joined IR/PS in 1995.

Perspectives

Krauss can provide commentary on domestic politics in Japan, the Japanese mass media, U.S.-Japan relations and Japan's foreign policy and role in Asia.

Expertise

Krauss is a leading expert on Japanese politics, U.S.-Japan relations, and Japan's political economy.

Current Projects

image

Krauss pictured with Pekkanen (right) in front of the Diet building.

In 2010, Cornell University Press published Krauss's latest book, co-authored with Robert Pekkanen of the University of Washington, The Rise and Fall of Japan's LDP: Political Party Organizations as Institutions. The book analyzes how and why Japan's long-ruling Liberal Democratic Party developed as an institution, adapted to Japan's electoral reforms of the 1990s, and then suddenly fell from power in 2009 after almost 54 years in office.

Krauss is also doing co-authored research on the consequences of electoral reform and non-reform on parties’ personnel strategies (with Matthew Shugart and Robert Pekkanen), and a collaborative project on the consequences of electoral reform in Japan and New Zealand (with Robert Pekkanen and Kuniaki Nemoto) and on the consequences for democracy of having had a formerly dominant party in power for 30 years in Japan, Italy, Sweden, and Israel, involving scholars from all these countries. 

Background Notes

image
Professor Krauss in front of the
New Zealand Cabinet Office, July 2006

Krauss, along with Matt Shugart, and Robert Pekkanen, have recently received a half-million-dollar three-year grant from the National Science Foundation to study electoral reform and non-reform consequences on political parties’ candidate, party, parliamentary, and government appointment strategies in eight countries (Japan, New Zealand, Ukraine, Bolivia, U.K., Germany, Lithuania and Portugal).

In 2008, Krauss also received a Japan Foundation Fellowship to study the changing role of Japan’s prime minister. Additionally, he was invited to give a presentation at the Japan Political Science Association annual meeting on the topic of the study of Japanese politics in the U.S.

In 2003, Krauss was chosen as one of the six members of the "U.S. Knowledge Leaders" tour to Tokyo to interact with Japanese private sector, government, and cultural elites, sponsored by the Japan Federation of Economic Organizations' Keizai Koho Center.

In 1998-2000, Krauss received a prestigious Abe Fellowship to conduct research on the U.S., Japan, and APEC. In 1992-93 he was named "Distinguished Lecturer" of the Association for Asian Studies. He directed a National Endowment for the Humanities Seminar on "The Democratic Experience in Japan" in 1994.

Krauss is on advisory boards of several journals and important committees of national organizations in the field of Asian and Japanese Studies. He joined IR/PS in 1995.

Professional Activities

Member, Advisory Board, The Japan Foundation, 2002-06
Member, Editorial Board, The Pacific Review, 2001-present
Member, Advisory Board, Asian Survey, 1997-present
Member, Advisory Board, Journal of Japanese Studies, 1992-95 and 2001-present
Member, Executive Committee, Japan Politics Research Group, 1998-present
Member, Screening Committee [for faculty hiring], Hiroshima Peace Institute (Japan) 2000-present
Member, Editorial Board, Social Science Japan Forum
Member, Evaluation Committee of the East Asian Program, University of Washington, 2008, 2005, 2001; and the University of Sheffield (U.K.) 2003
Board of Directors, Japan Policy Research Institute, 1994-present

Research Interests

Japanese Politics
Politics of U.S.-Japan Relations
Japan and the U.S. in Asia and Japanese Foreign Policy


Professor Krauss interviewing former Cabinet Minister Koike Yuriko in her
Diet Member office, October 2008.


Future Japanese Voter at an Election Rally

Publications of Note

In 2010, Cornell University Press published Krauss's latest book, co-authored with Robert Pekkanen of the University of Washington, The Rise and Fall of Japan's LDP: Political Party Organizations as Institutions. In 2004, Krauss published a co-edited book with T.J. Pempel, UC Berkeley, Beyond Bilateralism: U.S.-Japan Relations in the New Asia Pacific (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2004). In 2000 he published a book titled Broadcasting Politics in Japan: NHK and Television News (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2000), about NHK, Japan's mammoth public broadcaster, and its relationship to and consequences for Japanese politics. Subsequently it was translated into Japanese with a new introduction and published in 2006 as NHK vs. Seiji by Toyo Keizai Press, a noted Japanese publisher. Krauss also is co-editor of Media and Politics in Japan (1996). His previous works include co-editing and contributing articles for Democracy in Japan and Conflict in Japan. He has written many articles published in professional journals dealing with political science and Asian Studies, including, recently, articles in the American Political Science Review, the American Journal of Political Science, and the British Journal of Political Science, three of the top journals in political science, as well as in the Journal of Asian Studies and Journal of Japanese Studies, the major journals in Asian Studies.

Recent Publications

Journal Articles:

“Choosing Cabinets: Electoral System and Cabinet Appointments in Japan,” [coauthors: Robert Pekkanen and Benjamin Nyblade]. Social Science Japan Journal (forthoming; accepted for publication October 2013).

"When Do Interest Groups Contact Bureaucrats Rather than Politicians? Evidence on Fire Alarms and Smoke Detectors from Japan," [coauthors: Michio Muramatsu, Ethan Scheiner, and Robert Pekkanen]. Japanese Journal of Political Science, lead article, Vol. 14, No. 3 (September 2013), pp. 283-304.

"Over-nominating Candidates, Undermining the Party: The Collective Action Problem under SNTV in Japan," [coauthors: Kuniaki Nemoto and Robert Pekkanen]. Party Politics (published online July 2012; print forthcoming).

“Crisis Management, LDP, and DPJ style.” Japanese Journal of Political Science, Special Issue 02 (June 2013), pp. 177-199.  

“Reverse Contamination: Burning and Building Bridges in Mixed Member Systems," [coauthors: Kuniaki Nemoto and Robert Pekkanen]. Comparative Political Studies, Vol. 45, No. 6 (June 2012), pp. 747-773; (published online November 16, 2011).

“Legislative Organization in MMP: The Case of New Zealand,” [coauthors: Kuniaki Nemoto, Robert Pekkanen, and Nigel Roberts]. Party Politics, Vol. 18, No. 4 (2011), pp. 503-521; (published online March 2011).

"The Rise and Fall of Japan's LDP," [coauthor: Robert Pekkanen]. The Journal of Asian Studies, lead article, Vol. 69, No. 1 (February 2010), pp. 5-15.

"Who Lobbies Whom? Special Interest Politics under Alternative Electoral Systems," [coauthor: Megumi Naoi]. American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 53, No. 4 (October 2009), pp. 874-892.

“Policy Dissension and Party Discipline: The July 2005 Vote on Postal Privatization in Japan,” [co-authors: Kuniaki Nemoto and Robert Pekkanen]. British Journal of Political Science, Vol. 38 (July 2008), pp. 499-525.
                            
“Japan’s New Security Policy,” [co-author: Christopher W. Hughes]. Survival, Vol. 49, No. 2 (Summer 2007), pp. 157-176.

Co-editor of journal special issue: “Managing the American MedUSA: Political Economy Alliance Perspectives,” [co-editors: Christopher Hughes and Verena Blechinger]. The Pacific Review, Vol. 20, No. 3 (2007).

“Electoral Incentives in Mixed-Member Systems: Party, Posts, and Zombie Politicians in Japan”, [co-authors Robert Pekkanen and Benjamin Nyblade]. American Political Science Review, Vol. 100, No. 2 (May 2006).

Japan’s ‘‘Coalition of the Willing’’ on Security Policies,
[co-author Robert Pekkanen]. Orbis, Vol. 49, No. 3 (Summer 2005).

‘Presidentialization’ in Japan? The Prime Minister, Media and Elections in Japan
, [co-author Benjamin Nyblade]. British Journal of Political Science, Vol. 34 (April 2004), pp. 357-368.

"Explaining Party Adaptation to Electoral Reform: The Discreet Charm of the LDP?" [co-author: Robert Pekkanen]. Journal of Japanese Studies, Vol. 30, No. 1 (Winter 2004), pp. 1-34.

"The U.S., Japan, and Trade Policy: From Bilateralism to Regional Multilateralism Regionalism+". The Pacific Review, Vol .16, No. 3 (2003), pp. 309-331.

Recent Books:

The Rise and Fall of Japan's LDP: Political Party Organizations as Historical Institutions

Beyond Bilateralism: U.S.-Japan Relations in the New Asia Pacific

Broadcasting Politics in Japan: NHK and Television News